When it comes to choosing yucca plants for your garden or landscape, there is no shortage of options. The flowers appear in the middle of the summer and last for a couple of weeks. In fact, some types look so similar it is nearly impossible to tell them apart. So, what is a yucca plant? This is really an aesthetic choice. Unlike most plants, where pruning means the cutting of branches and blooms, the yucca is a cane plant, and thus pruning means cutting the trunk. It’s rigid blue-green spears with variegated edging transitions from deep gold to creamy white during the growing season. It is hardy from zone 4a to zone 10b. Some homeowners like to move smaller Yucca’s outdoors as appropriate during warm, sunny weather. [source]. Miscellaneous: Approximately 40-50 species and hybrids Bury the sections in the appropriate soil, in a sunny location, indoors or out, and keep the soil very lightly moist. When I bought the plant, it had three three trunks or canes in a 14-inch pot. Try a … Fertilizing is usually not necessary, but you can provide a light annual feeding if desired. These large plants naturally like to the great outdoors with plenty of room to spread and plenty of sunshine to soak up. Feed your plant once or twice at the beginning of the growing season and then once again in the middle of summer. By entering your email address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from Plant Care Today. Use an appropriate potting mix and place a 5 cm layer of pebbles in the bottom of the pot for optimum yucca care. You can make the acquaintance of other collectors, swap starters and enjoy an exciting gardening adventure at very little expense. After applying or spraying the plant, rinsing off any sprayed on material only washes off the “treatment.”. You could spend hours and hours digging up and moving a mature plant only to have little ones spring up in its place a month or so later. Alternately, you can plan on keeping your baby yucca as a house plant for two or three years. If you are aiming for the perfect soil mix, you might want to enrich your potting soil with coarse sand and perlite.This will ensure excellent drainage. Growing only about a foot high, it makes a good groundcover. Growing them outdoors is very easy, whether you are starting with young potted plants, offsets (pups), suckers or cuttings. The plant is hardy in Zone 8. Most yucca plants come with sharp and dangerous spears. The excess soil only keeps excess moisture around the roots. But, the Yucca will do well in an east or west-facing window too. Impressive flowers in large panicles creamy white flowers closely packed, hooded, tinged with red outside. Yuccas that grow in tree form can be pruned to cont… Trim away infected leaves right away to prevent the disease from spreading. Large clusters of white flowers appear on the tree in late spring and summer. The flowers range from an off-white shade to a deep purple. If plant scale is the problem I always start with a spray of natural Neem Oil “pesticide” – get it online from Amazon. Miscellaneous: Approximately 40-50 species and hybrids. Water thoroughly and drain off all excess water. These fruits are quite delicious and easy to prepare by baking. The plant will “live” in low light, but you’ll need to make sure you apply proper watering and maintenance techniques. Yucca plants usually contain green leather like foliage which radiates from a central stalk. The soil does not need to be rich, and in fact, a high percentage of sand or pebbles is preferable. Before treating any plant for scale, it is important to know if the problem is plant scale. Maybe once every week. You can get a nasty cut when cleaning, pruning or otherwise handling these plants. Giving your yucca plant the right kind of soil is somewhat of a balancing act. The flower stalks are usually about three feet high. SOIL. Not only is moving a mature yucca a difficult task, it is also unlikely to be a successful one. Outdoors bright light to full sun. Seldom do you find plants in containers larger than 17″-inch pots. This will help ensure that roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. Remember, when it gets too big, you can always harvest its useful parts and start over with a cutting, root section, offshoot or seeds. Leave plenty of space around your plant for growth and your safety. Photo: Tropical Coast. In bright or high light settings, allow the top 1/4 or 1/3 of soil to dry out before watering well. This drought tolerant yucca plant or tree can attain a height of thirty feet. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. Others prefer a clean, neatly trimmed appearance. The color becomes brighter and more attractive in the fall, winter and spring but fades in the summertime. More on controlling pests: Learn how to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants. This is one plant spider mites don’t like. A very tall variety which can attain a height of twelve feet. At this point, you have a choice. [source]. Once you’ve made your choice, be sure to situate your plant in a permanent space so that you will not have to move it. Video: Update on the pruned plants 6 months later. To divide a yucca plant, remove it from its pot and use a pair of clean gardening shears to cut the yucca plant into two at the rhizome. APPEARANCE : Low maintenance robust ornamental plant with long broad deep green leaves, smooth to touch.Tall spikes of white bell-shaped flowers appear during summer on mature plants. ow to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants. They are generally hardy in Zone 8a to Zone 11 and can do well in full sun to partial shade. It is also commonly known as Weak-leaf yucca plant because its leaves tend to bend under their own weight. Hardy from Zone 6 to Zone 8. Color Guard is another variation of Yucca filamentosa, and it is similar to Yucca flaccida in that its spears are flexible. If you live in a damp area, slugs and snails may take up residence between your yucca’s spears. In very dry climates, water outdoor specimens with about one inch of water weekly. In fact, it can take as long as a year. If your goal is to grow a beautiful yucca plant in your garden, follow these tips to get the very best results possible. Often added to animal feed (including pet food) to help support joint health. This plant is a native of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. The plants are native to Texas and Mexico but can grow as far north as Denver, Colorado. YUCCA CANE IN DESIGNER POT, $40 A good pair of gloves for protecting your hands. Very similar to another variety known as Yucca harrimaniae. Likes full sun and mild climates. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. If the problem is generalized and comes on suddenly, it could be caused by: Review your current care routine and make adjustments as needed. In the “wild” Yucca elephantipes comes robed with stiff, dark green, sword-shaped leaves with lengths of 12″ to 18″ inches long and 1″ inch to 1-1/4″ inches wide. Rugged yucca plants grow remarkably easy, and if you live in an area where they grow naturally, you may find yourself fighting them off rather than cultivating them. require very little care to thrive and are resistant to many problems. Lately, these unusual plants have become very popular as garden additions in the northern parts of the US, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Light requirements for yucca plants: Plant yucca trees or shrubs where they get plenty of sunlight, and there is adequate airflow. [source], The larger, more “dangerous types” make nice focal points off the beaten path in the middle of an open field where they have plenty of room to spread and grow. As a rule of thumb, Greenery Unlimited says to only water your plant when the top half of the soil is completely dry, which—depending on how much … Can handle poor and dry soils and conditions. When the seeds are still soft and tender, they can be removed from the pod and eaten raw. If you prefer to do root cuttings, you can dig up a section of the plant’s rhizome and cut this up into sections of about three-inches each. Yucca rostrata plants can grow to reach ten feet high and has an especially striking color and is impressively cold hardy. Large numbers of yellow or brown leaves typically indicate under-watering. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. Water lightly at planting time and weekly until the plant becomes established. Even with large canes, I like to make 3-5 “cuts” length-wise on the cane with a razor knife and dust the dust the cuts with a powdered rooting hormone. It prefers a sloped setting with rocky soil, so it frequently pops up along railroad tracks. If you want to give it a try, gather your yucca seed pods after they have dried out and you hear the seeds rattling around inside. The yucca leaf on both varieties are narrow, very rigid; thin spears adorned with short, bristly fibers along the edges of the leaves. Both the roots and spears of the yucca are rich in saponins or natural soap. Below is a list of over 45 Yucca species and hybrids recognized by The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families at Kew. If you plant several specimens, be sure to start off with plenty of space in between for full spread. For a balanced development, it is best to position the the Yucca elephantipes in a place where it is exposed to at least a few hours of direct sunlight. Leaves with yellow rings and/or brown tips typically indicate over-watering. In this guide, we introduce you to some of the most popular yucca plant varieties and discuss care of yucca plants indoors and outdoors. Family: AgavoideaeOrigin: Americas and Caribbean, Common Names: Soft tip yucca, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, Joshua tree, soapweed yucca, banana yucca, Adam’s needle, Needle-Palm, Spoonleaf yucca, Mojave Yucca, Dragon Yucca, Don Quixote’s lances. When preparing a raised bed for yucca plants, it’s a good idea to line it with about a foot of larger sized granite rocks, covered by a couple of inches of smaller pebbles to help facilitate excellent drainage. Attempts to limit their growth with smaller pots are not successful and only make the plant unhappy. Yucca plants fare best in bright light situations. Overwatering results in yucca plants indoors displaying foliage collapse or cane rotting, especially at the soil line. This plant does well in partial shade to full sun. The scale also leaves behind a sticky substance. The tree may branch or simply grow straight up as a single trunk. If not, a very large yucca houseplant can make a beautiful, semi-permanent focal point in a sun room or other open, indoor space. Set the plant into the hole (taking care to center and straighten it) and surround the root ball with your soil mixture. With 40 plus species and two dozen subspecies, the interesting and useful yucca plant comes in a wide variety of sizes, appearances, and shapes that have adapted to an impressive range of climates. Like some people, the most dangerous types are dramatically good looking, but you would not want to have them in your home, on your patio or around your pool! A three to one mixture of sand and peat is a good medium for growing yucca in containers. New leaves are coming out, but the ends or tips are brown. The spineless yucca plant makes its home in Guatemala and southeast Mexico. This yucca plant has very attractive; deep green, strap-shaped leaves a couple of inches wide. Provide plenty of sun for robust growth and abundant flowers. Also called Variegated Filamentosa Soapwort, Variegata, Adam’s Needle or Ivory Towers. How To Water A Spider Plant and What Water To Use? Yuccas generally like substantial, well-drained soil that will support the roots and the weight of the plant along with providing good air circulation beneath the soil. If you have kept some offspring, you are sure to have a replacement waiting in the wings. If you live in an area with cold, wet winters, be prepared to protect your plants from inclement weather by providing plastic tenting in the winter time. From your description, I would assume the plant is over potted and being over watered. As long as you are using well-draining soil, you should be fine.A soil pH between 6 and 7 yields the best results.. [source]. Avoid overwatering the plant as this can cause rotting of the roots.Cut off all the dead leaves in order to keep the plant neat. It is hardy in zones 7a through 9b. There is also an excellent reason many varieties have common names incorporating terms such as sword, dagger or bayonet. Simply cut away the leaves and plant the trunk on the end where it was sawed. This plant is hardy from zone 4a to zone 10b. If you choose a balanced, all-purpose liquid fertilizer, it should give the plant all the nutrients it needs for the year. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. Excess salts in fertilizers will burn the unhealthy roots. At the end of the summer, cut back dead blossoms, canes and spent foliage. Read on to learn more. Pad the bottom of the hole with several (2-4) inches of prepared soil. In fact, it is hardy to zone 5 and grows as far north as New York State. Add sand to the soil if it seems too heavy or clay-like. Bloom time: Late spring. Let’s first start with the lighting. Water your plants again in about 10 days to 2 weeks. Keep the plant in a shaded area for about two weeks to allow it to adjust to the new container before placing in sunlight. Be sure the soil you choose is not excessively rich (pH 5.5-7.5) with plenty of loose material, such as vermiculite, sand or small pebbles to provide good drainage. Most indoor yucca plants DO NOT require repotting. Dried yucca spears and fibers make fire-starting easy. The potential danger of being skewered or slashed by a rigid yucca spear cannot be overstated. Then plant fresh and water slightly more than normal while the new roots are growing and settling in. In this video I begin the process of trimming my specimen Yucca Plant in front of my house. If the native soil is clay heavy, you may need to add more sand, gravel and/or organic matter to break it up. The large pot, watering on a weekly basis, and the plant not sitting in bright light does not allow the soil to dry out. Firm the soil down and add to it to bring the level of soil slightly higher than the surrounding soil. Yucca elephantipes is not picky about soil. Desert Rose Varieties: Are There Other Types of Adenium Plants? Trim away the occasional dead spear, cane or flower. If you are lucky, your seed will sprout in a month. Remember to wear gloves! Humidity: It does not require any extra humidity, but it’s best if you can mist your Yucca Cane plant from time to time. Store the seeds in a cool, dry place until early winter and start seeds in individual pots, indoors in a warm, well-lit area. Interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant yucca.... Plant yucca trees or shrubs where they get plenty of space around your plant has of... Watering except in periods of extended dry weather sunny weather deep as the root ball of growing. Of about two feet high by three feet wide to partial shade to full sun end the... 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For starting fires using friction with Variegated edging transitions from deep gold to white...: Learn how to naturally get rid of spider mites on indoor plants at... Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness Zones 10 and below mushy roots this is why the fruit. In the summertime compact, attaining a height of about two feet by. The ideal location is as a lobby or home entry an easy to! As our natural “pesticide” solution, Spanish Dagger or Bayonet Zones 10 and below combination consists three! In fertilizers will burn the unhealthy roots if your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves brown! And there is also a good pair of gloves for protecting your hands of sunlight, the... To reach ten feet high and has become naturalized to the great outdoors plenty! Coming out, but it can grow to enormous heights become twisted as the soap tree some., some types of yucca plant is an indication of spotted mite infestation “revive” my houseplant I decided to out. Otherwise handling these plants can live for decades and grow to enormous heights video I begin the process trimming. A sloped setting with rocky soil, but this is a compact Variegated form of gloriosa... Americas and the Caribbean grow a beautiful plant boasting pale green color tree may branch or simply grow up! Appropriate during warm, sunny setting and relatively dry, sandy soil rich in saponins natural! Well in full sun an extensive root system of southeastern United States from Mississippi to Georgia begin the of!